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History

Idea

"Cripmania"

Number of Gangs

Identification

Famous Crips

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Bloods & Crips

Crips Documentary Part 1

Crips Documentary Part 2

Crips Documentary Part 3

 

 

The Crips are one of the oldest, largest, and the most famous gangs in the United States. They originated in Los Angeles, California The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of individual "sets" all around the United States. The gang is primarily (but not exclusively) comprised of African Americans. Crips’ special characteristic is the so called C – Walk (also known as Crip Walk or Clown Walk).

History
The Crips were founded in Los Angeles, California in 1969 by 15-year-old Raymond Washington./LINK/ Washington initially called the gang the Baby Avenues in an attempt to emulate older gangs and activities carried out by the Black Panthers, with which he was fascinated. This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members.
The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled. The name stuck.


Idea
Crips initial intent was to continue the revolutionary ideology of the 1960s and to act as community leaders and protectors of their local neighborhoods, but the revolutionary rhetoric did not endure. Because of immaturity and a lack of political leadership, Raymond Washington and his group were never able to develop an efficient political agenda for social change within the community.

“Crpmania”
The increased attention the early Crips received by the police and from the community, because of the violence they were involved in, actually attracted more youths to join these early gangs. The violence was said to have been committed to attract attention and to gain notoriety (Rosenzweig 1972). In addition, several other youths formed other non-Crip gangs, in response to continued Crip intimidation. The idea of Crippin’ had taken over the streets of south Los Angeles, and Mike Davis stated that “Cripmania” was sweeping South side schools in an epidemic of gang shootings and street fights in 1972 (1990:300). In three short years, the first Crip gang on the East side on 78th Street had spread to Inglewood, Compton, and the West side, totaling eight gangs, as ten other non-Crip gangs formed. By years end, there were 29 gang-related homicides in the city of Los Angeles, 17 in unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County, and nine in Compton (Rosenzweig 1972). Gang violence was in the early stages of what would soon become an epidemic in Los Angeles.
In three years, after the first Crip gang was established in 1969, the number of black gangs in Los Angeles had grown to 18. Table 1 reveals that in each year where gang territory data was available, the growth in the number of gang territories was significant. In the six years between 1972 and 1978, 44 new black gangs formed, and only two gangs became inactive. In the 14 years between 1982 and 1996, 150 new gangs formed. However, the most dramatic growth was in the four years between 1978 and 1982 when 101 new gangs formed. In addition to the number of gang territories increasing, the spatial distribution of gang territories changed during these years, penetrating several new places within Los Angeles County.

Number of Gangs


City/Area

1972

1978

1982

1996

Los Angeles

11

31

74

138

Compton

4

11

25

36

Athens

1

5

5

16

Inglewood

1

2

7

14

Carson

0

6

3

11

Long Beach

0

0

3

10

Total

18

60

155

274

Identification
For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. Another theory is the co-founder, Stanley Williams, had a good and close friend called "Buddha", who wore blue shirts, khakis, shoes, and a blue bandana from his back left pocket. When Buddha died, Williams made blue the Crip color in honor of Buddha. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The Shotgun Crips (SGCs) are separated into three sub-sets: the Nine, 139th street; the Foe, 134th street; and the Deuce, 132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a acronym meaning "Blood Killas").


Many Crips will also change words containing the letter B or choose another word to replace it, the best being a word with a C. This is due to their hatred of Bloods. If no word can reasonably be substituted, the letter B will be crossed out to show disrespect. Sometimes excessive use of the letter C also occurs, such as "be right baCC" to refrain from using the initials "ck" which stands for "Crip Killer". Also, the letter B can be written Bk as in "Blood Killer". An example of this: local Crips in Braddock, Pennsylvania (suburban Pittsburgh) spell the town's name "BraddoCC".

Famous Crips
WC (111 Neighborhood Crips)
Young Jeezy (Black Mafia Family)
Fabolous (Black Mafia Family)
Coolio (Corner Pocket Crips)
Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips)
Afroman (Palmdale Crips)
Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips)
Nate Dogg (Rollin' 20's Crips)
Warren G (Rollin' 20's Crips)
Ice T (Rollin 30's)
Ice Cube (Rollin 60 Neighborhood Crips)
Kurupt (Rollin 60 Neighborhood Crips)
Xzibit (Unspecified)

 
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